The Puritan age/Age of Milton(1620-1660): Important Writers for UGC NET English

The Puritan Age (1620–1660), commonly referred to as the Age of Milton, was a pivotal time in English history and literature. Religious fervour, political instability, and a passionate desire to transform society in accordance with Puritan principles were all prevalent at this time. The influential authors of this era capture the intellectual and societal changes of the time. With his epic masterpiece “Paradise Lost,” John Milton, a towering figure of this era, revolutionised English poetry. Other eminent authors who made substantial contributions include Andrew Marvell and John Bunyan, authors of “The Pilgrim’s Progress” and “Metaphysical Poetry,” respectively. In this blog, we examine the significant Puritan Age authors and their profound literary influence to offer insights to UGC NET English candidates.

The Puritan age-Important Writers

John Milton

One of the most well-known authors of the Puritan Age, John Milton, had a profound impact on English literature. One of the best epic poems ever written in the English language is considered to be “Paradise Lost,” his most famous work. Deeply philosophical and theological issues are explored in Milton’s works, including the nature of good and evil, the fall of humanity, and the difficulties of free will. Readers are captivated by his command of the English language, his complicated rhyme, and vivid imagery, and his writing is influenced by his ardent political and religious convictions. John Milton’s contributions to literature are still studied and respected, solidifying his place as a Puritan Age literary legend.

John Bunyan

In the Puritan Age, John Bunyan was a well-known author best known for his allegorical novel “The Pilgrim’s Progress.” The religious journey of the lead character, Christian, as he encounters different temptations and hardships on his search for salvation is depicted in this influential work that has caught readers’ attention for ages. “The Pilgrim’s Progress” has become an enduring masterpiece of English literature thanks to Bunyan’s vivid storytelling, complex symbolism, and profound comprehension of Christian theology. The work gives profound understanding into the state of humanity and the problems of faith in addition to reflecting the fervour of the Puritan Age in terms of religion. Readers looking for spiritual enlightenment and direction continue to be inspired by and resonate with Bunyan’s writing.

Sir Thomas Browne

A well-known author of the Puritan Age named Sir Thomas Browne was renowned for his original and thorough investigations of numerous subjects. His writing, such as “Religio Medici” and “Urn Burial,” demonstrates his keen linguistic competence and strong intellectual interest. Science, theology, and philosophy are all incorporated into Browne’s writings as he explores topics like faith, mortality, and the meaning of human existence. His dense writing, which is full of metaphors and challenging concepts, shows his in-depth reflection on the mysteries of life. Sir Thomas Browne’s literary works continue to move readers through their profound understanding and eloquence. They provide an engrossing window into the Puritan Age’s intellectual environment.

Jeremy Taylor

Jeremy Taylor was a well-known theologian, author, and preacher who played a significant role in the Puritan Age. His writings, such as “The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living” and “The Rule and Exercises of Holy Dying,” are excellent examples of his deep spirituality and moral instruction. Taylor’s works place a strong emphasis on leading a moral life, making preparations for dying, and pursuing a close relationship with God. He attracted audiences with sermons and writings, urging readers to consider their spiritual journeys and work towards inner transformation. He was known for his beautiful prose and poetic manner. Jeremy Taylor is a major person of the Puritan Age because of his profound ideas and tremendous influence on religious literature.

Izaak Walton

Izaak Walton was a well-known author of the Puritan era best known for his novel “The Compleat Angler.” This book honours the pleasures of angling and the serenity of nature by mixing practical fishing tips with philosophical reflections. The combination of Walton’s endearing and poetic writing style and his passion for the English countryside makes for a calming and engrossing reading experience. He looks at topics like friendship, contentment, and appreciating life’s small joys. The classic book “The Compleat Angler” is still widely regarded as a fishing manual as well as a contemplative look at the wonders of nature and the benefits of living a calm life.

Thomas Fuller

Thomas Fuller, a well-known author of the Puritan Age, was a multifaceted and prolific writer renowned for his intelligence and breadth of knowledge. His writings, such as “The Holy State” and “The Worthies of England,” demonstrated his profound knowledge of the past, theology, and culture. A deft use of anecdotes, memorable quotes, and amusing remarks defined Fuller’s writing style. He provided perceptive analysis on a range of facets of English life, including politics and culture. His works continue to be valued for their amusing and educational qualities, making Fuller a noteworthy personality of the Puritan Age and an important source for comprehending the social and historical backdrop of the time.

Richard Baxter

The Puritan Age author and theologian Richard Baxter made a tremendous impact on religious literature and pastoral care. His landmark book, “The Reformed Pastor,” is now regarded as a classic in the field of pastoral ministry due to its emphasis on the value of individual holiness and careful flock management. The depth of Baxter’s spirituality, his sincere yearning for Christian unity, and his dedication to practical Christianity are all reflected in his writings. His writings covered a broad spectrum of theological and devotional subjects, touching on topics like faith, repentance, and the Christian life. Readers seeking a better comprehension of Christian theology and practise continue to be inspired and led by Richard Baxter’s profound insights and applicable wisdom.

Robert Burton

Famous Puritan Age author Robert Burton is widely known for his landmark work “The Anatomy of Melancholy.” This lengthy text explores the causes, signs, and therapies of melancholy, a phrase that encompasses a variety of mental and emotional problems, delving into the depths of human psychology. Erudition, wit, and a profound insight of human nature are all present in Burton’s writing. His writing offers a thorough analysis of the human condition, touching on issues like love, religion, and societal mores. With insights that still apply today, “The Anatomy of Melancholy” is a fascinating and timeless investigation of the complexity of the human mind.

Thomas Otway

The late 17th-century playwright Thomas Otway made a substantial contribution to the drama surrounding the restoration. The tragedy “Venice Preserv’d,” which is his most well-known work, covers themes of political scheming, love, and treachery. The emotional intensity, rich language, and intricate characters that define Otway’s writings. He was a well-known actor in the theatre of his day because of his deft handling of the passions of the human condition and his capacity to elicit empathy from the audience. Although Thomas Otway’s career was cruelly cut short, his contributions to English play had a lasting influence, and his works are still studied and performed today.

Nathaniel Lee

Dramatic plays by prominent Restoration-era playwright Nathaniel Lee typically address themes of love, insanity, and political intrigue. His writings, such “The Rival Queens” and “The Massacre of Paris,” perfectly capture the intense feelings and dramatic confrontations typical of the time. Lee writes in a poetic style with vivid imagery and nuanced characters. His plays frequently explore the human psyche and the heights of fervour and obsession. English drama owes Nathaniel Lee’s ability to enthral audiences with his sad tales and provide a window into the turbulent world of the Restoration era.

William Congreve

Popular late 17th- and early 18th-century dramatist William Congreve is renowned for his sharp comedies of manners. His most well-known pieces are “The Way of the World” and “The Mourning Bride.” Congreve’s plays are notable for their deft wordplay, sarcastic societal satire, and complex narratives with multiple characters assuming different identities and personal relationships. He was a master of the comedy genre thanks to his witty speech and acute understanding of human behaviour. The fact that William Congreve’s plays are still studied and performed today shows how important he was to the growth of humorous theatre in England.


In conclusion, some significant authors who made significant contributions to English literature emerged during the Puritan Age, commonly known as the Age of Milton. Through their profound writings, these authors—among them John Milton, John Bunyan, Sir Thomas Browne, and Jeremy Taylor—reflected the social and religious milieu of the time. Their writings, which captivated readers with their eloquence, depth, and intellectual prowess, addressed issues of faith, morality, spirituality, and the human condition.

The Puritan Age writers’ creative accomplishments continue to be lauded for their deep insights, enduring influence, and important contributions to the rich history of English literature. Their writings stand as proof of how literature can clarify the intricacies of the human condition and motivate future generations.

Here’s to your success 🙂

All the Best 🙂

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